Stroke Awareness: What You Can Do About it
Tuesday, 9 May 2017
May is stroke month here in the UK, where communities come together to raise awareness about heart health, the relevant risks, and what we can do about it. Throughout the UK, stroke affects millions of people every year, and that number is set to rise. Whether you're someone who's suffered a stroke yourself, or know someone who has, the odds are you've been touched by this condition in some way.
We at Health and Care aim to help this cause, as the more awareness we spread, the better poised we are to tackle this problem as a community. We've compiled some important information about stroke and its causes, as well as some great products to help you keep track of your blood pressure to track your risks before they get worse.
What Is Stroke?
The first step to making a difference is to know what we're up against. To put it simply: stroke is an attack to the brain. It happens when the blood that carries nutrients and oxygen to your brain is cut off, leading to a violent reaction from your body. When the blood supply to your brain is cut off, whether from high blood pressure, cholesterol or any other reason, cells can be damaged or even die, leading to an array of possible different effects. These effects depend on exactly where the attack happens in your brain, and can affect nearly any part of your body. A stroke can affect the way you move, as well as the way you think, feel and communicate.
Types of Stroke
All strokes are not the same, and can show themselves in many different ways, with a range of different side effects. The types of stroke are divided into two distinct categories: ischaemic and haemorrhagic.
This most common type of stroke is cause by a blockage cutting off the blood supply to the brain. This blockage can be caused by a blood clot forming in an artery leading to your brain, or inside one of the blood vessels inside the brain itself. This is known as cerebral thrombosis. It can also be caused by a blood clot or air bubble moving through the blood stream in another part of the body. This is known as a cerebral embolism.
The second, less common form of stroke is caused by bleeding in or around the brain. These strokes, although more rare, can be much more serious and far more difficult to treat than strokes caused by blockage. This type of stroke is often caused by high blood pressure or an aneurysm, which is a weak spot in the artery prone to bursting.
How to Reduce Risk of Stroke
The good news is that these strokes can be prevented with a mixture of healthy living and keeping up to date with your blood pressure and vital health. Here's a handy list of things you can do to reduce your risk of stroke.
Monitor your Blood Pressure
Uncontrolled high blood pressure will damage and weaken the blood vessels in your brain, causing them to narrow and become prone to burst. This pressure can also lead to a risk of blood clots, making high blood pressure a leading cause of both ischaemic and haemorrhagic stoke. High blood pressure can increase one's risk of stroke by four to six times, so it's important to stay on top of it to keep yourself and your family healthy.
These monitors can provide you with an excellent picture of your blood pressure and stroke risk, but can't solve all your problems alone. Once you know your heart rate, and have a complete picture of your risks, it's up to you to take the steps to prevent stroke and high blood pressure. By following the six steps above, you'll drastically decrease your chances of suffering a stroke, and you'll feel better too. That's why you should not only take these steps on yourself, you should encourage your friends, family and community to do so as well. Only once we give this issue the respect it deserves can we begin to decrease its prevalence in our lives, and gain back the time it can so often take away.