Compression stockings are specially designed garments to protect against conditions such as oedema, phlebitis and thrombosis. With all compression garments, a healthcare professional must advise the patient on what type of compression stocking is required for their condition. Compression stockings are elastic garments which exert pressure onto the leg to reduce the diameter of distended veins. This pressure results in an increase in venous blood flow velocity and valve effectiveness.
Compression stockings are also known as graduated compression stockings and are worn to prevent and treat conditions such as DVT, venous leg ulcers and varicose veins. Compression garments use much stronger elastic than standard stockings and are tighter around the ankles, becoming less tight towards the thigh and knee. This type of compression stocking is known as a graduated compression stocking due to the gradual increase in pressure towards the ankle.
Professional medical advice is always required when purchasing a compression stocking due to the different strengths of compression available. Compression stocking strength is divided into 3 categories, class 1, class 2 and class 3, with class 1 applying the least amount of pressure. Gradient compression stockings are normally recommended by Doctors for people who are prone to blood clots and blood pooling from lengthy periods of inactivity. It is extremely important to follow professional medical advice when purchasing a compression stocking. A patient’s ABI (Ankle Brachial Index) must be less than 1.0 per leg otherwise the patient’s arterial flow may be obstructed. With a wide range of sizes, styles and compression strengths available it is essential that a compression stocking is properly sized.
A Doctor will advise the patient which type of compression stocking is required and whether a graduated stocking is required for one or both legs. There are a number of different compression garment brands available including Jobst compression stockings and Sigvaris compression stockings. The Jobst Knee High Compression Stocking is designed to treat mild to moderate lymphedema, following oedema reduction. This compression stocking is available in class 1 or class 2 in either an open to or closed toe style.
The Sigvaris Diaphane 10-15mmHg Dune Compression Tights are class 1 compression tights. Within the Sigvaris range of compression garments there are compression stockings, compression tights and compression maternity tights. The Sigvaris Opalis Thigh Compression Stockings are ideal for chronic venous diseases offer light compression (class 1).
Anti-embolism stockings are used to support the venous and lymphatic drainage of the leg. Similar to compression stockings, anti-embolism stockings apply a distributed amount of pressure from the ankle up to the top of the leg. Anti-embolism stockings are used to reduce the risk of venous thromboembolism. Hospital patients are particularly at risk of venous thromboembolism and it is essential that a patient is prescribed the correct type of anti-embolism stocking. Comprinet is one of many anti-embolism stocking manufacturers. The Comprinet Pro is an anti-embolism stocking that has been designed specifically for DVT prophylaxis. This Comprinet anti-embolism stocking helps to prevent deep vein thrombosis by increasing blood velocity and helping reduce venous stasis.